Malaria is a life-threatening blood disease, caused by parasites (belonging to the genus Plasmodium) and transmitted to humans through the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito. Once an infected mosquito bites a human and transmits the parasites, those parasites multiply in the host's liver before infecting and destroying red blood cells.
Five species of Plasmodium can infect human beings; two of these – P. falciparum and P. vivax – pose the greatest threat. P. Falciparum, most prevalent in Africa, is the most dangerous malaria parasite responsible for most malaria related deaths.
It’s bittersweet because while malaria is completely preventable and treatable if diagnosed and treated early, it’s not always possible to diagnose and treat malaria in rural areas lacking medical facilities – as is the case in most African countries such as malaria endemic Mozambique. That’s where Goodbye Malaria and our Indoor Residual Spray program can help prevent the spread of malaria transmission.